7 different types of doors for car

Car doors are crucial components of vehicles, serving as entry points for passengers and providing protection from external elements. They contribute significantly to the safety, comfort, and convenience of passengers while travelling. Additionally, car doors play a role in the overall aesthetics and design of automobiles, often reflecting the style and innovation of a particular vehicle.

Car door designs have evolved to meet changing needs and technological advancements. Initially, cars featured basic hinged doors, simple in operation and construction. However, as automotive engineering progressed, more sophisticated door designs emerged. Innovations like sliding doors offered enhanced accessibility, particularly in tight spaces, while gullwing and butterfly doors showcased futuristic aesthetics and streamlined profiles.

Conventional Hinged Doors

Conventional hinged doors are the most common type of car doors found in vehicles worldwide. They typically feature a hinge mechanism attached to the vehicle’s body, allowing the door to swing open and close. These doors are known for their simplicity and reliability in operation.

One of the primary advantages of conventional hinged doors is their familiarity and ease of use. Passengers are accustomed to operating them, making entry and exit from the vehicle straightforward. Additionally, hinged doors provide a secure seal when closed, offering protection from weather elements and reducing noise intrusion into the cabin.

However, conventional hinged doors may have limitations in tight parking spaces or crowded environments, as they require extra space to fully open. Furthermore, they may pose safety risks in confined areas if swung open abruptly. Despite these drawbacks, hinged doors remain popular due to their cost-effectiveness, durability, and widespread acceptance in the automotive industry.

Sliding Doors

Sliding doors, often associated with minivans and some commercial vehicles, are an alternative to conventional hinged doors. Instead of swinging outward, these doors slide horizontally along tracks embedded in the vehicle’s body.

One of the main advantages of sliding doors is their space-saving design. Since they don’t require extra space to swing open, sliding doors are ideal for tight parking spaces or situations where adjacent vehicles may obstruct traditional door movement. Additionally, sliding doors offer easy access for passengers, especially in crowded areas, making them popular for family-oriented vehicles.

However, sliding doors may be perceived as less stylish compared to other door types, and their complex mechanism can increase manufacturing and maintenance costs. Furthermore, they may limit the design possibilities of the vehicle’s exterior aesthetics. Despite these considerations, sliding doors continue to be favored for their practicality and convenience, particularly in vehicles where maximizing interior space and accessibility are priorities.

Gullwing Doors

Gullwing doors are distinctive in their upward opening motion, resembling the wings of a seagull when fully extended. They are hinged at the roof rather than the side, offering a dramatic and futuristic appearance.

One of the key advantages of gullwing doors is their wow factor. They instantly grab attention and contribute to the overall aesthetic appeal of the vehicle, making it stand out from the crowd. Additionally, their unique opening mechanism can facilitate easier entry and exit in tight parking spaces since they don’t require additional lateral clearance like traditional doors.

However, gullwing doors also have drawbacks. Their complex mechanism makes them more expensive to manufacture and maintain compared to conventional doors. Additionally, in the event of a rollover accident, escaping from a vehicle with gullwing doors may be more challenging compared to vehicles with traditional doors.

Butterfly Doors

Butterfly doors, also known as scissor doors, swing upward and outward from the car’s body, resembling the wings of a butterfly in motion. Unlike gullwing doors, they are hinged at the front rather than the top.

One of the primary advantages of butterfly doors is their striking visual appeal. They lend a futuristic and sporty look to vehicles, enhancing their aesthetic appeal and turning heads wherever they go. Additionally, the upward and outward motion of butterfly doors can facilitate easier entry and exit in tight parking spaces, as they require less lateral clearance compared to traditional doors.

However, butterfly doors also have some drawbacks. Their complex hinge mechanism makes them more expensive to manufacture and maintain, and they may not be as practical for everyday use as conventional doors. Additionally, in some situations, such as parking in low-ceilinged garages, the upward motion of butterfly doors may be restricted.

Suicide Doors

Suicide doors, also known as rear-hinged doors, open in the opposite direction compared to conventional doors, swinging outward from the rear rather than the front of the vehicle.

One advantage of suicide doors is their aesthetic appeal and distinctive look. They give vehicles a retro and stylish appearance, evoking a sense of nostalgia and elegance. Additionally, suicide doors can provide easier access to the rear seats, particularly in larger vehicles like sedans and SUVs, as they create a larger opening compared to front-hinged doors.

However, suicide doors also have safety concerns. Their unconventional opening direction can pose a risk of accidental opening while the vehicle is in motion, potentially leading to injuries or accidents. Additionally, in the event of a side collision, suicide doors may offer less structural protection to passengers compared to front-hinged doors.

Canopy Doors

Canopy doors, also referred to as canopy-style doors or bubble doors, are a unique type of car door that opens upward and forward, often in a single piece, resembling the opening of a canopy or bubble.

One advantage of canopy doors is their dramatic and futuristic appearance. They provide a distinctive look to vehicles, attracting attention and making a statement. Additionally, the upward and forward opening motion can facilitate easy entry and exit for passengers, especially in tight parking spaces or crowded environments.

However, canopy doors also have limitations. Their complex hinge and sealing mechanisms can make them expensive to manufacture and maintain. Additionally, the design may limit practicality in certain situations, such as parking in low-ceilinged garages or areas with overhead obstructions.

Despite these considerations, canopy doors remain popular in concept cars and prototypes, where their innovative design helps showcase cutting-edge technology and styling. While not commonly found in production vehicles due to cost and practicality concerns, canopy doors continue to capture the imagination of automotive enthusiasts and designers alike.

Scissor Doors

Scissor doors, also known as Lambo doors or vertical doors, are hinged at the front and open upward in a vertical motion, resembling the movement of a pair of scissors.

One advantage of scissor doors is their eye-catching appearance. They add a sense of style and sportiness to vehicles, giving them a distinctive and exotic look. Additionally, scissor doors can facilitate easier entry and exit in tight parking spaces, as they require less lateral clearance compared to traditional doors.

However, scissor doors also have limitations. Their complex hinge mechanism makes them more expensive to manufacture and install, and they may require additional maintenance over time. Additionally, the upward motion of scissor doors can pose challenges in low-ceilinged environments, restricting where the vehicle can be parked.

Despite these considerations, scissor doors remain popular among enthusiasts and luxury car manufacturers for their unique design and ability to make a bold statement. While not as common as conventional doors, scissor doors continue to be featured in select vehicles where their exotic appearance and exclusivity are valued.


Q. Are these different types of car doors available for all car models?

Yes, while some door types like conventional hinged doors are common across various car models, others like gullwing or scissor doors are typically found in luxury or specialty vehicles.

Q. Do these unique door designs affect the safety of the vehicle?

Car manufacturers design these doors with safety in mind, but some types may have specific considerations, such as accessibility during emergencies or structural integrity in the event of a crash.

Q. Are there any legal regulations regarding the use of these door types?

Certain door designs, like suicide doors, may be subject to regulations regarding safety standards and usage. It’s essential to check local laws and regulations before modifying or installing non-conventional doors.

Q. Do these special door types affect the resale value of a car?

The resale value of a car can be influenced by factors like rarity, desirability, and market trends. Vehicles with unique door designs may appeal to certain buyers, potentially affecting resale value positively.

Q. Can these unique door types be customized or added to existing vehicles?

In some cases, aftermarket kits are available to modify existing vehicles with unique door types like scissors or butterfly doors. However, it’s crucial to consider factors like compatibility, safety, and legality before making modifications.


Exploring the seven different types of car doors shows how cars can be unique and innovative. From the regular doors we see every day to the fancy ones that open in special ways, each type has its style and purpose.

When choosing a car door type, it’s important to think about things like safety, cost, and rules. Some doors might look cool but could be tricky in certain situations. Still, having lots of options means there’s something for everyone, whether it’s for getting around town or showing off in a fancy car. Overall, car doors add fun and personality to driving, making each ride a little more exciting and special.

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